ISSUR VE-HETTER, a term designating the totality of halakhic rulings with regard to forbidden foods and related topics. From the second half of the 12th century, however, it came to be used for a specific literary genre dealing with this subject, and from that time books wholly devoted to this topic were produced in great numbers (the Issur ve-Hetter of Rashi is not to be included among them, since it belongs to a completely different category; see rashi ). The creation of this type of literature is connected with the spread of Jewish settlement in Germany. This gave rise to the development of different customs in various spheres of life, including to no small degree topics of issur ve-hetter. There is indeed no doubt that issur ve-hetter literature should be regarded as a branch of the more comprehensive literary genre known as minhagim literature. Research into the issur ve-hetter literature is complicated. The authors of many of the books are anonymous or have been erroneously identified; in addition, many glosses and notes were added to the original text of works by copyists and other scholars who wanted to adapt them to the local prevailing custom; a large part of this literature is still in manuscript in different libraries, at times wrongly catalogued. Among the most important works of this subject are the Sefer ha-She'arim or Sha'arei Dura, called " Issur ve-Hetter, " by isaac b. meir of dueren (Cracow, 1534), which is seemingly the earliest work of this type; 36 She'arim on laws of issur ve-hetter by israel isserlein , apart from his glosses on the Sha'arei Dura; the laws of issur ve-hetter at the end of the Minhagei Maharil (Sabionetta, 1556) which is an abridgment of the Sha'arei Dura, as is the Torat Ḥattat (Cracow n.d., c. 1570) of moses isserles . The well-known Issur ve-Hetter he-Arokh (Ferrara, 1555), attributed in error to jonah gerondi but apparently compiled by Jonah Ashkenazi, a pupil of Israel Isserlein, contains, besides laws on forbidden foods, laws connected with the duty of saving life. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ta-Shema, in: Sinai, 64 (1969), 254–7. (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DUEREN, ISAAC BEN MEIR — (second half of 13th century), German halakhic authority on the laws of issur ve hetter . Isaac s surname Dueren derives from the town of that name in Germany. In his youth he studied under Tobias b. Elijah of Vienne in France. The period of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALPHABET, HEBREW — The origin of alphabetic script has always been a subject of human curiosity. According to Greek mythology, script was brought to Greece from Phoenicia. This tradition was accepted by the Greek and Roman writers, some of whom developed it even… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ANAV, ZEDEKIAH BEN ABRAHAM — (13th century), Italian talmudist; author of the compendium, Shibbolei ha Leket ( The Gleaned Ears ), which can perhaps be considered the first attempt in Italy at the codification of Jewish law. Although Zedekiah s exact dates are unknown, he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HALICZ — (Heb. הֶעֶלִיץ, Helicz, Halic, Helic), family of printers in Cracow in the 16th century. Three brothers, Samuel, Asher, and Elyakim, sons of Ḥayyim Halicz, established Poland s first Jewish press there in about 1530. Their name indicates that the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HOROWITZ, ISAIAH BEN ABRAHAM HA-LEVI — (called Ha Shelah ha Kadosh, the holy Shelah, from the initials of the title of his major work; 1565?–1630), rabbi, kabbalist, and communal leader. Horowitz was born in Prague, but as a youth he moved to Poland with his father, who was his first… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISSERLES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL — (1525 or 1530–1572), Polish rabbi and codifier, one of the great halakhic authorities. His full family name, Isserel Lazarus was shortened to Isserles, but he is usually referred to as the Rema (acronym of Rabbi Moses Isserles). Isserles was born …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MINHAG — (Heb. מִנְהָג; custom, usage ) from the verb to lead. DEFINITION The word is found in the Bible (II Kings 9:2) meaning the driving (of a chariot) but it was taken by the rabbis to refer to usage. As such, it is used in a wide variety of senses.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MINHAGIM BOOKS — Variations in usage between various sections of Palestine are already recorded in the period of the tannaim and amoraim. Thus, customs of Jerusalem (Ket. 4b, 12b; BB 93b; TJ, Suk. 4:14; Sem. 3:6), variations between Judah and Galilee (TJ, Pes.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CODIFICATION OF LAW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the concept and its prevalence in other legal systems in jewish law in the mishnah format and style of the mishnah the talmud and post talmudic halakhic literary forms variety of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DINA DE-MALKHUTA DINA — (Aram. דִּינָא דְּמַלְכוּתָא דִּינָא), the halakhic rule that the law of the country is binding, and, in certain cases, is to be preferred to Jewish law. The problem of dina de malkhuta dina is similar to – but not identical with – the problem of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”